1. Use protective glasses:
a) if you work outdoors for long, as prolonged exposure can induce UV induced damage to the eye in the form of corneal damage, cataract, macular degeneration etc.
b) occupational hazards-welders as the welding arc can cause photic retinopathy (damage to retina of eyes).
c) If you are using chisel and hammer or drilling at home, as any small particle can cause injury in the eye.
An ophthalmologist visit is necessary in these cases.
d) while playing sports like ice hockey, racquetball etc
e) looking at a solar eclipse as again it can cause damage to the retina
fun fact – uv rays are used for tanning, killing microbes, treatment of vitiligo, accelerates aging, induces vitamin D, destroyes vitamin A, is invisible to human eye and hence called the black light,
Eye care Tips for laptops or mobile phones users.
2. If you usually work on laptops or computers or mobile phones, you should ensure that you do so in proper lighting and proper posture. Lack of either of these of these causes stress on the eyes leading to frequent headaches.
Using mobile phones lying on bed and in darkness for log is not advisable. While working on laptops for long, you should blink frequently (at least 10 – min) and look away from the screen. In case you feel burring or itching, do not rub your eyes and get an ophthalmic consultation.
3. Home makers – Be careful of the chemicals used at homes like caustic soda, drain cleaning agents, moth balls etc. which have harmful chemicals in high concentration and can cause damage to eyes. Wash it thoroughly with water and visit an ophthalmologist.
4. Diet – A diet rich in omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin A, vitamin C, E, Lutein etc is recommended for good eye health. You should include green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, fish like salmon, tuna, eggs, nuts, beans, citrus fruits etc in your diet.
5. Regular Eye Checkup – Everyone needs an eye checkup, even kids. eye examination can also find diseases like glaucoma that have no symptoms(an important risk factor of which is age>40). Its important to detect them early so as to avoid loss.
6. Systemic diseases like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis etc require a baseline eye examination follow by repeated checkups as recommended by the ophthalmologists depending on the stage and severity of disease. the changes in eye might be due to the disease process per say or due to the drugs used to treat them.
7. Eye drops– do not use eye drops from chemist directly without consulting an ophthalmologist as it might contain steroids of harmful preservatives which on prolonged exposure may damage the ocular surface, cause glaucoma, cataract etc. Also when using eye drops, never touch the tip of dropper. Do not use opened eye drops more than a month. you can consult an eye hospital in Delhi for your eye drops advice.
8. Post op instructions – use eye drops as recommended, do not rub eyes. for cleaning your eyelids, wash your hands with soap and water, use cotton dipped in boiled and cooled water to gently wipe the skin over the eyelids. Avoid Splashing water in early postop period. wear sunglasses. Avoid swimming, cooking near high flame, pollution for some time.(time varies in different surgeries)
9. Tips for pollution –
a) Limit exposure to pollution
b) Wear sunglasses
c) Avoid rubbing your eyes even if particulate matter enters
d) Wash your eyes thoroughly
e) Close car windows during peak traffic hours
f) Practice hand hygiene in routine