Eye Care

Vision Correction Surgery - Spectra Eye

Revealing the myths about Laser based vision correction surgery

By | Eye Care, LASIK, SMILE | No Comments

It has been over 3 decades that laser eye surgery was introduced to the field of corrective vision. Many successful experiences have been shared by patients who have undergone an eye surgery. And several key developments have happened in laser eye surgery mainly due to the path breaking technology adopted in improving the aspects of surgery.
That refractive eye surgery can cure myopia and astigmatism and thereby free people who have these sight errors from dependency on spectacles and lens has been proven several times over beyond doubt. Yet there is a reluctance among many who would rather live with spectacles or contacts than resort to a lasting cure to their vision.
The reason could be due to the several myths and false reports on vision correction surgery shared by people who have not experienced the surgery but have formed opinions based on hearsay and presumption. The classic case of Chinese whispers doing its rounds causing miscommunication about eye surgery!

Let’s look at a 5 such myths around Vision Correction Surgery
We call opinions and reports that cast a shadow on vision correction surgery as mere myths because facts and data prove such theories wrong.

1) Laser eye surgery is only a recent development and needs to be validated
The introduction of refractive eye surgery dates back tomid-1940s when ophthalmologist Jose Ignacio Barraquer also known as the father of refractive surgery invented small handheld keratome, which he used to reset layers of corneal tissue in his patients.
Since then the field of Ophthalmology has been making steady progress; progress in a very robust manner, based on tried and tested technology. In 1995,FDA approved the first excimer laser for PRK, the first generation refractive eye surgery.
Soon after, an improvised, in terms of safety and efficacy, second generation laser eye procedure LASIK got FDA approved too. Even the relatively new Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) has been in vogue since 2011.
This third-generation eye procedure is widely used as its post-operative outcomes are excellent.
Vision correction surgery has been adopted for several decades and the very early adopters of laser eye surgery are now in their 60s. Therefore refractive surgery has traveled very far and very successfully from its nascent stage. It is a much tested and validated procedure which is known to have corrected vision for over 50 million patients across the world.

2) Any vision correction surgery is painful
The cornea is a very sensitive part of the human eye. The surface of the cornea is barely touched and hence people who though are keen on vision correction hesitate to opt for laser eye surgery presuming it will cause pain.
Laser eye surgery does not hurt during the procedure or even post operation. However as a pre-emptive measure, numbing eye drops are used to alleviate any pain or discomfort to the eye during the procedure. Medication to help relax is also prescribed for some high stress patients prior to surgery.
There are experiences recorded by patients who have undergone refractive eye surgery where they have stated very clearly that they did not feel even a trace of pain during the procedure. There could be mild pressure felt in the eye, but no pain at any point of time during the surgery or after.

3) Vision correction surgery causes dry eyes
There have been instances of dry eyes quoted by people who have undergone LASIK, where corneal sensitivity to some degree is reduced temporarily. This is mostly the case for people who already have dry eyes.
However, studies and tests have been conducted for dry eye detection and treatment for patients opting for LASIK. They can solve their pre-existing dry eye issue by getting treatment prior to the surgery.
Patients who underwent SMILE, the latest in refractive eye surgery have known to be less prone to dry eye symptoms due to relatively quicker recovery of their tear-film function post surgery.
Largely, dry eye syndrome following a refractive eye surgery is usually mild and will disappear over time.

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4) Vision correction procedures do not have a lasting effect
When a person undergoes a refractive eye procedure the shape of the cornea is altered in order to treat vision problems such as myopia and astigmatism. The effects of the surgery do not wear off.
However, with age, one’s vision tends to go through a slow and natural decline and the laser eye surgery does not cover preventive treatment for age related vision weakness. Further, in younger patients there is still scope for eyes to change shape. In course of time there might be a need for adjustments to correct possible vision errors.
One big benefit in refractive eye surgery is the ability to enhance the treatment many years later if there is change in refraction with time. Also, with age the need for reading glasses is common amongst all people and reading correction may be needed after the age of 40.
This in no way has any bearing to the surmise that the surgery done earlier did not last. Refractive surgery is done to treat patients with myopia and astigmatism and patients who undergo this surgery have experienced life-changing improvement in their vision.

5) Recovery time for refractive eye surgery is long and slow
Earlier version of refractive surgery like PRK took about a week for a patient to recover and a week or two was spent in walking around with sunglasses. Complete recovery took about 2-3 weeks. With LASIK, downtime got to a minimal where patients adhere to post-surgery instructions and resume day to day routine within 2-3 days.
Mild discomfort or irritation may occur for a day or two after surgery but can be reduced with prescribed eye drops.
With SMILE, the latest in refractive surgery, recovery is swift and complete. As a minimally invasive surgery, there is no flap but only a tiny incision and the cornea is left intact. More than 80% of patients experience enhanced vision just a few hours after the surgery. Recovery is quick and within 2-3 days the patient is back to driving, working, reading and even sports.
The success rate of refractive eye surgery across the world stands testimony to the fact that vision correction procedures are safe, smooth and quick. Patients have recorded their happy stories about the experience of refractive eye surgery and how the quality of their lifestyle has been improved greatly.
Myths are a matter of opinion and far removed from facts. When in doubt it is advisable to consult with an experienced ophthalmologist and seek guidance with respect to the best suitable vision correction procedure.

holi celebration 2019

Protect Your Eyes From Colour During Holi Celebration

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1. Wear Sunglasses:

Cover your eyes by wearing sunglasses whenever there is a chance of colour getting into your eyes.

2. Use cream to protect eyes and Skin:

Apply a thick layer of cold cream around your eyes. This would help in easily removing colour when you wash your eyes. Use warm water to wash your eyes.

3. If you wear contact lenses.

It is advisable not to wear contact lenses during Holi celebration. If you do and the colour enters the eyes, lenses should be discarded immediately.

4. Clean Eyes and face frequently

While celebrating Holi, we must wash the face especially the area around the eyes frequently. It’s better to use rose water to clean eyes as it has antiseptic properties which can help to ease the irritation.

5. Do not rub your eyes:

Your hands might be dirty with colours so by rubbing your eyes, the colour might go inside your eyes and cause irritation.


Step 1: Stay calm

Avoid crowding around the person. Any chaos will delay the actual sight-saving response, and it is critical that you think clearly and logically in such cases. So it is important that the affected person, and those around him or her remain calm and collected.

Step 2: Rinse eyes with lots of clean, drinking water.

If dry colour goes inside the eyes, make sure you thoroughly wash with plain water. It is important to try and remove as much of the colour from the eye as possible, immediately. Try not to remove any particulate matter using a handkerchief or tissue; it will only make things worse.

Step 3: Seek medical help:

In case of persistent redness, watering, discharge, itching or discomfort, please seek the opinion of an eye care professional. If you feel any visual blur, foreign body in the eye, laceration of the eye, or bleeding from the eye or surrounding areas, you must try to reach the eye hospital as soon as possible.

The problems can be from mild irritation, corneal abrasions or scratches to deep chemical burns. It is therefore suggested that you seek the help of your eye doctor after irrigating your eyes with clean water for about ten to fifteen minutes.

smile surgery in delhi

Can SMILE Eye Surgery Correct Astigmatism ?

By | Eye Care, laser, LASIK, SMILE | No Comments

Forget LASIK Surgery! Go for SMILE 

If you suffer from near sightedness or astigmatism, you may be tired of constantly needing new glasses or contact lenses. If you are looking to attain a perfect vision, without the pain and the hassles of hospitalization, then SMILE laser surgery is the right choice for you.

Why not LASIK surgery?

LASIK  is been there for a long time and thousands of patients are already been treated. However, there are significant side-effects associated with LASIK which includes losing bio mechanical strength of your cornea, dry eyes and double vision (rarely).

How SMILE surgery works ?

SMILE   is an advanced third generation laser eye surgery. It makes eye surgery safer, gentler and faster than ever before – as there are no blades, stitches, injections or bandages involved.

is SMILE surgery FDA approved ?

Yes, the procedure has been approved by the US FDA and more than 1.5 million people worldwide now enjoy perfect vision – thanks to SMILE.

Here’s,  The advantages of ReLEx® SMILE eye laser surgery:

  • Next-gen bladeless process: In SMILE laser surgery, the doctor creates a key hole on the corneal surface using ground breaking femtosecond laser He then extracts a lenticule through the keyhole to shape the cornea and correct the vision.
    This procedure requires an 80 % smaller side-cut and a 30 % smaller cap cut than regular LASIK procedure. SMILE preserves the bio-mechanical strength of cornea to ensure that you don’t suffer from conditions such as dry eyes in the post-surgery phase.
  • Comfortable and painless procedure than LASIK: The high-precision ZEISS VisuMax femtosecond laser technology used in the procedure ensures high-level reproducibility and predictability – even in the case of high refraction corrections.
    Its outstanding cutting precision and exceptional speed result in a gentle treatment approach. As a result, patients are comfortable during the surgery, and do not feel pain or even pressure on the cornea during the procedure.
  • Flapless for faster recovery than LASIK: Traditional laser-based procedures such as LASIK, involve creating a small flap on the cornea to allow the reshaping of the underlying corneal tissues. The flap is then replaced after the surgery.

However, SMILE does not require the creation of flaps during the surgery. The keyhole technique eliminates all complications related to flap creation, thereby speeding up the recovery process. Patients can see clearly within a day of surgery with wow factor.

Don’t worry, SMILE!

The blade-less, painless and flap-less SMILE procedure offers several benefits:

  • Total time for the procedure – 15 minutes (with just 24 seconds on each eye)
  • Provides the fastest recovery for any laser procedure
  • Results in 30% less tissue loss
  • Can treat short-sighted patients up to -10 diopters, whereas the LASIK treatment is only recommended for patients with refraction of up to a maximum of -8 diopters.

With so many reasons to make you smile, ask your doctor for SMILE laser eye surgery and get rid of your glasses once and for all.

What is Glaucoma Signs & Symptoms? How to prevent glaucoma?

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How to avoid loss of sight?

Glaucoma Prevention tips

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is one of the main causes of blindness worldwide, affecting nearly 60 million people.  Treatment can slow down its progression, but there is no cure, this is because glaucoma is controllable with modern treatment and there are many treatment modalities available with the help of which we can slow down its progression from further damaging the eyes.

What happens if you have glaucoma?

In glaucoma the loss of sight occurs due to damage to optic nerve, this nerve act as signal transmitter and transfers information from eye to the brain. When damage to optic nerve occurs from glaucoma, patient starts losing peripheral vision. Usually patient report in later stages when the disease is in its advanced stage as central vision remains intact even in advance stage, only peripheral vision loss occurs.

Can glaucoma be stopped?

Studies have shown that certain habits or lifestyle can help in reducing the progression loss of sight from glaucoma.

    1. 1. Regular exercise: Moderate to vigour physical activities appears to have lowered the risk of developing glaucoma.
    2. 2. Eating healthy diet rich in nutrient, vitamins and antioxidants.
    3. 3. Avoid coffee or Drink in moderation / drink tea instead of coffee. Some studies drinking coffee in excess leads to deposition of certain substances like matrix metalloproteinase in eye, which leads to development of glaucoma.
    4. 4. Avoid smoking / Don’t Smoke
    5. 5. Avoid drinking too much water in one go, you can drink as much water you feel like drinking in breaks, but avoid consuming in bulk.
    6. 6. Avoid Neck ties. Studies shows, too tight neck ties may increase blood pressure in the eye leading to glaucoma.
    7. 7. Get screened regularly for glaucoma after age of 40 especially if you have a family history of glaucoma.
air pollution - eye care tips

Protect Eyes from Delhi Air Pollution

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Protect Eyes from Delhi Air Pollution

As the air pollution level in delhi has risen to severe levels.

It is causing a lot of health issues including problems with eyes such as redness of the eyes, irritation, watering and burning sensation.

Avoidance: – it is best to avoid pollution by not going to places with serve pollution or staying indoors in peak hours of pollution.

But air pollution can’t be avoided all the time, so following can reduce its effects:-

  1. 1. Wash your hand frequently.

  2. 2. Do not rub your eyes with hands exploded to pollution.

  3. 3. Wash your eyes properly with clean water.

  4. 4. Keep your eyes lubricated.

  5. 5. Do not rub your eyes if particles enter them.

  6. 6. Eat healthy diet including salads and green vegetable.

  7. 7. Drink adequate amount of water daily.

  8. 8. Avoid both active and passive smoking.

  9. 9. Keep car windows closed while travelling.

  10. 10. Install air purifier at home.