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WHAT IS
RETINA ?

Retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye. It senses light & sends images to the brain. The most vital part in retinal tissue is macula. Retinal disorders mainly affect this tissue & in turn deteriorate your vision.

Spectra Eye is one of the best retina hospital in Delhi, India. Contact us to know more about retina and its treatment options..

TYPES OF RETINAl PROBLEMS
RETINAL TEARS

It is discontinuity of retina. It occurs due to pull over retina created by shrinkage of vitreous gel in the posterior part of eye. Main causes are aging, pathological (very high) myopia, trauma, diabetic retinopathy etc. Usually the patient presents with floaters & flashes. Spectra Eye is a trusted and reputed retina care center in Delhi. Contact us to start your treatment.

RETINAL DETACHMENT

It is defined by the presence of fluid under the retina. It usually occurs when fluid passes through a retinal tear, causing retina to lift away from the underlying layer. The main symptoms are loss/blurring of vision, curtain like shadow over visual field & loss of field of vision. Retinal detachment surgery cost in Delhi is quite affordable now and available easily at Spectra Eye Hospital.

DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

If you have diabetes, the tiny blood vessels in the back of your eye can deteriorate & leak fluid into & under the retina. In early stage it may remain asymptomatic. Later, it causes retina to swell which may blur or distort your vision. It can, in advance stages, cause retinal detachment. You can also develop abnormal blood vessels that break & bleed. The main symptom is floaters in early stages followed by sudden loss of vision.

EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE

It is a delicate tissue like membrane lying on top of the retina. This membrane pulls up on retina which distorts your vision. It can be due to aging, inflammatory disorder, retinal tear etc.

MACULAR HOLE

It is a small defect in the centre of retina (macula). It may develop from abnormal traction between retina & vitreous. Main causes are idiopathic (unknown), aging, long standing macular edema, injury to eye etc. Usually, you present with gradual loss of vision.

AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (ARMD)

In this disease, centre of your retina begins to deteriorate which causes blurred central vision or blind spot in centre of visual field. Main cause is increasing age.

RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA

It is a genetic progressive degenerative disease that initially affects the peripheral retina followed by central vision. Night blindness is the main complaint. It may be associated with other systemic disorders in both children and adults.

RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY

This potentially blinding disease is exclusively seen in premature babies with low birth weights. Screening within 30 days of birth in the best modality to avoid blindness.

UVEITIS

This condition causes swelling & inflammation in the middle layer of the eye called Uvea. The cause is often unknown. It is sometimes associated with auto immune disorders or viral/bacterial infection. Common symptoms are-floaters, loss of vision, severe redness in eye, pain & light sensitivity. In advanced stages- Retinal detachment or epiretinal membrane can be found.

SYMPTOMS OF RETINAL DISORDERS?

Retinal disorders are associated with vision loss and quality of vision. Depending on the type of the disorder, symptoms can be gradual or sudden. Ageing is one of the most common causes. Consider regular eye check up for timely diagnosis.

  • Floaters accompanied by eye flashes
  • Sudden onset of blurred vision
  • Shadows or blind spots in the field of vision
  • Increase in number of floaters
TREATMENT OPTIONS

As damage to nerve caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed, the aim of the treatment is to prevent or reduce further damage to the optic nerve. The first step to do that is to lower the eye pressure. If glaucoma is not controlled with the help of medicines, if the side effects of the medicines are not well tolerated and the patient is non-compliant, or cannot afford the cost of the medicines, the second option is Laser treatment

Retinal Lasers

Used in diabetic retinopathy, ROP -retinopathy of prematurity, retinal vein occlusion, retinal breaks/holes, lattice, certain tumors. At present, Nd yag(Green) laser is used for above mentioned conditions. It causes retinal burn which causes retinal breaks & regressions of new vessels.

Get in touch with us to book an appointment with our best retina specialist in India.

Vitreo retinal surgery

It is a surgical procedure to treat eye problems involving retina macula vitreous like retinal detachment, macular hole, epiretinal membrane , vitreous haemorrhage & diabetic retinopathy complications. Upto 50 % of the patients requiring VR surgery present as emergency or urgent cases.

Retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)

Standard of care is laser treatment .In some cases intra-vitreal (avastin/lucentis ) can be given. In advanced stages, Complex vitro-retinal surgery is required.

Medical treatment of uveitis

Uveitis is a challenging disease to treat. Although most causes inflammatory but injections also play a major role. Clinical tests are done in search of potential cause. Eye drops in combination with systemic (oral or IV) anti inflammatory , anti infective medicine are mostly prescribed. Intra vitreal or peri ocular injections are sometimes given to augment treatment.

Intra-vitreal Injection/ Intra ocular Injection

In this procedure, medicine is delivered directly into the back of the eye near retina which enables highly targeted drug therapy maximizing therapeutic delivery. Anti VGEF injections like Avastin, Lucentis, Eylea etc, are used in cases of diabetes retinopathy, uveitis, ROP- (retinopathy of prematurity), CME (cystoid macular edema), CNVM (choroidal neovascular membranes) ,Endophthalmitis etc,. Steroids e.g, Ozurdex, Tricort are also used in above mentioned conditions depending upon clinical evaluation. Antibiotics are used in intra ocular injections.

ADVANTAGES

Most folks go through life without ever experiencing the problems instigated by retina related diseases but conditions like Diabetic Retinopathy, uveitis etc. can cause permanent blindness if not treated at the right time. Spectra Eye hospital has a team of retina doctors in India with an unmatched experience to offer the most complex retina surgeries in Delhi in a safe way.

  • Experienced Team
  • Over 2000 retina surgeries
  • Modern Diagnostic Set Up suitable for Retina disorders
  • All TPA and empanelments available
  • High Success Rate

Retina and UVEA Services in Delhi

Conditions related to the retina are hard to diagnose. At Spectra Eye Hospital, we have a team of top retina specialists in Delhi who have an experience of over 10000 surgeries treating all kinds of retina related eye conditions. Our technology and wide range of treatment options available helps us provide accessible care to every patient. To know more about retina disorder treatments in Delhi, speak to our specialist today.

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FAQ

Glaucoma is a group of related eye disorders that cause damage to the optic nerve that carries information from the eye to the brain.
In its early stages, glaucoma usually has no symptoms, which is what makes it so dangerous — by the time you notice problems with your sight, the disease has progressed to the point that irreversible vision loss has already occurred and additional loss may be difficult to stop.
There are two main kinds:

Open-angle glaucoma. It’s the most common type. Your doctor may also call it wide-angle glaucoma. The drain structure in your eye -- it’s called the trabecular meshwork -- looks normal, but fluid doesn’t flow out like it should.

Angle-closure glaucoma. It’s less common in the West than in Asia. You may also hear it called acute or chronic angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma. Your eye doesn’t drain right because the angle between your iris and cornea is too narrow. Your iris is in the way. This can cause a sudden buildup of pressure in your eye. It’s also linked to farsightedness and cataracts, a clouding of the lens inside your eye.
Glaucoma suspect describes a person with one or more risk factors that may lead to glaucoma, but this individual does not have definite glaucomatous optic nerve damage or visual field defect. A great overlap can exist between findings in patients with early glaucoma and those who are glaucoma suspect without the disease.
Glaucoma can be treated with eyedrops, tablets, laser procedure(s), eye operation(s), or a combination of methods. One must understand that the whole purpose of treatment is to keep the eye pressure under control to prevent further loss of vision. More importantly, as the goal of all the treatment modalities is the same i.e. to control the eye pressure
Some people have a higher than normal risk of getting glaucoma. This includes people who:
  • are over age 40
  • have family members with glaucoma
  • are of African or Hispanic heritage
  • have high eye pressure
  • are farsighted or nearsighted
  • have had an eye injury
  • have corneas that are thin in the center
  • have thinning of the optic nerve
  • have diabetes, migraines, poor blood circulation or other health problems affecting the whole body
Talk with an ophthalmologist about your risk for getting glaucoma. People with more than one of these risk factors have an even higher risk of glaucoma.
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Thank You for restoring my vision. I had been misdiagnosed earlier. Thankful to the team at Spectra Eye for their help and support. – Abdul Khan, Afghanistan